Smart headphones or “hearables” are designed not only to playback music but to enhance communications in the
presence of background noise and in some cases, even compensate for hearing loss. They may also provide voice
recognition, medical monitoring, fitness tracking, real-time translation and even augmented reality (AR). They
contain complex signal processing and their characteristics change according to their smartphone application and
‘real world’ conditions of their actual environment, including background noises and playback levels. This paper
focuses on how to measure their audio performance under the many various real-world conditions they are used
Authors: Steve Temme, Listen, Inc.
Presented at AES Headphone Conference 2019, San Francisco, CA.