Active Noise-Cancelling Headphone Battery Life Test

ANC battery life sequence screenshotThis sequence is designed to measure performance characteristics of Active Noise Cancelling (ANC) headphones while monitoring the DC voltage and current provided to the headphone by its batteries.
The sequence first measures the passive attenuation of the headphone before moving into a loop. The loop plays a 2 minute pink noise stimulus at high output level to accelerate battery drain. During this stimulus period, a current measurement is made by Listen’s DC Connect. Immediately following the stimulus, battery voltage is measured followed by acquisition and analysis of audio parameters (response, THD and THD Normalized). The active attenuation of the headphone is then measured followed by a series of post processing and Autosave steps. The looping continues until no output is detected from the headphone, when the device shuts down due to insufficient battery capacity.

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EN-50332-2: Measuring SPL of Portable Devices

EN50332_screenshotThese two sequences follow the test standard detailed in EN50332-2 for measuring the maximum levels of portable music players and earphones/headphones. This section of the standard covers the individual testing of the devices rather than the combined testing that is detailed in part 1. Note that the physical setup and connections will be different between the two sequences. Please read the hardware and calibration sections of this instruction carefully.

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Noise Cancelling Headphones

noise cancelling headphone measurementWhen measuring noise cancelling headphones there are three important pieces of data to generate. Passive Attenuation is the amount of noise that is reduced at the ear simply by the headphones being worn. Active Attenuation is the amount of noise that is further reduced by turning on the device’s active cancellation feature. Lastly, Total Attenuation is the combined reduction in noise from passive and active sources, and is what the end user of the product will experience. To calculate these metrics this sequence performs three separate measurements using a Head and Torso Simulator and a small speaker which serves as a noise source. The alternative to using the small speaker would be to develop a diffuse environment with multiple speakers playing uncorrelated noise. This is a far more complicated arrangement and would require additional steps in the sequence.

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Headphone Test Sequence

headphone test screenshotThis sequence performs a comprehensive headphone test on a stereo headphone. Both left and right earphones are measured simultaneously using a standard 1/12th Octave stepped-sine sweep from 20 to 20 kHz.

The analysis is then performed using the HarmonicTrak™ algorithm that measures harmonic distortion and fundamental frequency response simultaneously, and the diffuse-field and free-field corrected curves are calculated. The diffuse-field correction curve compensates for the overall frequency response from the diffuse-field (sound in every direction) to the eardrum and includes the effects of the head, torso, pinna, ear-canal and ear simulator. The free-field correction curve compensates for the overall frequency response from the free-field (sound at 0 degree incidence to the nose of the Head and Torso Simulator – HATS) to the eardrum. Further post-processing of the signal compares left and right earphone responses to show the difference curve (magnitude and phase are available). The average sensitivity from 100 to 10 kHz for both left and right earphone is calculated and the total harmonic distortion displayed.

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Thiele-Small Parameters

Loudspeaker system performance can be quantitatively related to a set of electro-mechanical parameters. These parameters are known in the industry as Thiele-Small parameters. They were first introduced by A.N.Thiele and Richard H.Small in a series of famous articles published in the 1971-72 Journal of AES (Audio Engineering Society).  Over the years these parameters have become standards in the industry, and are used by loudspeaker designers worldwide. This package contains SoundCheck sequences for measuring measuring Thiele-Small Parameters by Added Mass, Known Volume, Known Driver Mass methods.

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Impedance Measurement – Dual Channel Method Using Math Post-Processing

Impedance_measurement_math_postprocessing_outputThis sequence demonstrates an alternative to the traditional SoundCheck single channel impedance measurement method. A stepped sine sweep from 20 Hz to 20 kHz is played through the speaker while the signal across the loudspeaker terminals is recorded by Direct In 1 and the signal across the sense resistor (impedance box) is recorded by Direct In 2. A heterodyne analysis step is then applied to calculate the fundamental response from both inputs and a math post-processing step divides Fundamental A (speaker terminal voltage) by Fundamental B (voltage across sense resistor). A post-processing step corrects for the value of the reference resistor before displaying the final impedance curve. The curve is then post-processed to calculate resonance frequency, maximum impedance and Q of the resonance peak.  A set of arbitrary limits steps are also provided to generate pass/fail results.

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Perceptual Rub & Buzz

Perceptual Rub & Buzz ScreenshotThis sequence uses the CLEAR algorithm for perceptual Rub & Buzz measurement to detect AUDIBLE Rub & Buzz. It uses a simplified auditory perceptual model to measure the loudness of Rub & Buzz distor­tion in phons rather than the more traditional dB SPL and % distortion units. These better identify whether distortion due to manufacturing defects can be heard by the listener than conventional measurements. In addition to a result which corresponds more accurately to the human ear, this new test method also offers two significant advantages for use on the production line. It is less sensitive to transient background noises than traditional methods, therefore is reliable in noisy environments, and it is much simpler to set limits than when us­ing conventional distortion measurements. The sequence includes saved data that can be loaded from disk, so even if you don’t have a speaker handy you can still listen to the wav. file and see how SoundCheck displays the data.

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Impedance Measurement – Dual Channel Method Using Transfer Function

Impedance measurement - dual channel using transfer functionThis sequence demonstrates an alternative to the traditional SoundCheck single channel impedance measurement method. A white noise stimulus (10 Hz – 10 kHz) is played through the speaker while the signal across the amplifier terminals is recorded by Direct In 1 and the signal across the impedance box is recorded by Direct In 2. A transfer function analysis step is then applied to the recorded time waveforms to calculate the impedance curve. Subsequent post processing steps apply a frequency window, 1/24th octave smoothing and 1/24th octave resolution to the impedance curve. The curve is then post-processed to calculate resonance frequency, maximum impedance and Q of the resonance peak. A set of arbitrary limits steps are also provided to generate pass/fail results. The final display shows the post processed impedance curves and results window.

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Loudspeaker Splice Test Sequence

Loudspeaker Splice Sequence ScreenshotThe purpose of this sequence is to measure the anechoic response of a loudspeaker in an ordinary room using both a near field and time-windowed, far field measurement “spliced” together to cover the full bandwidth of the loudspeaker’s response from 20 to 40 kHz.
First, the near field frequency response is measured using a 1/12th octave stepped sine sweep by placing the microphone very close to the low frequency driver (less than an inch from the woofer). Then the far field frequency response is measured using a continuous log sweep with the Time Selective Response analysis algorithm.

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Ported Loudspeaker Splice Test Sequence

Ported Splice Sequence Screenshot

Ported Splice Sequence Screenshot

This loudspeaker splice sequence measures the anechoic response of a loudspeaker in an ordinary room using both a near field and time-windowed, far field measurement “spliced” together to cover the full bandwidth of the loudspeaker’s response from 20 to 40 kHz. It can accommodate ported as well as sealed loudspeakers.
First, the near field frequency response is measured using a 1/12th octave stepped sine sweep by placing the microphone very close to the low frequency driver and the port(s) if any. Then the far field frequency response is measured using a continuous log sweep with the Time Selective Response analysis algorithm.

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